Discussion Group: Myth and Memory
Professor Bo Stråth
During the Autumn semester of 1998 a discussion/reading/editing group will be organised around the manuscripts of a forthcoming book based on the conference Memory and Myth in the Construction of Community that took place in Bivigliano last June. The working title of the book is Memory and Myth in the Construction of Community. If you are interested in participating please contact Mette Zolner firstname.lastname@example.org. She will distribute the chapters for discussion. Reading of the texts and an active participation in the discussions is expected. The meetings are scheduled as follows:
Editing and Discussion Group, Autumn 1998
26 October, 3 pm, Seminar Room 3, Badia
16 November, 10 am, Seminar Room 1, Convento
23 November, 3 pm, Seminar Room 1, Convento
30 November, 3 pm, Seminar Room 1, Convento
After Full Employment:European Norms and Discourses of Work
An interdisciplinary seminar in co-operation between Robert Schuman Centre, Department of Law and Department of History
Karl Klare, Silvana Sciarra and Bo Stråth
Wednesdays at 11am Sala Triaria
The transformation of the view on work cannot be understood only as a narrow shift of discourse in economics from one paradigm ("full employment) to another ("flexibility"). Other disciplinary approaches must be involved, too. Furthermore, in order to provide a richer and more comprehensive view on the ongoing change, norms, legislation and discourses on work must be seen in a much longer historical perspective than the period since the 1970s. It is the intention of the seminar to develop this long-term view.
The aim of the seminar is to relate the new language - as it is expressed in politics, legislation, and social and economic sciences - to questions about social identity, social norms and social protection. The focus is on the normative and legislative transformation of the view on work.
A major interest will be to discern various European patterns in discourses, norms and legislation on work and - given this variety - to discuss whether a European level is feasible. The point of reference for such a European level will be the USA where the whole flexibility and deregulation language began and seems to have been implemented in a different way.
The seminar therefore addresses historical issues, as well as questions of legal comparison. The US as a federal system and the European Union as a quasi-federal one are good examples, albeit in very different ways, of systems with multiple sovereigns, whereby law-making power is divided between multiple and overlapping sovereigns. When discussing labour law measures the main question has to do with the possible intersection of deregulation with either excessive centralisation or with downward devolution. The discussion among labour lawyers is how to ascertain a role of social rules which are not simply functional to market efficiency, but also reflect national traditions in supportive and protective legislation.
The three seminar leaders will act as discussants in all sessions. Active participation from research students from law and history departments is expected. Of course, also students from other departments are very welcome. Reading materials will be provided at the beginning of the seminar. Participation in the second term seminar, organised by professors Stråth and Sciarra will be welcome for those who intend to focus on the issues in question. The second term seminar is thought of as a continuation of the first term one.
Flexibility has become a word used in many circles, with different connotations.
This seminar will aim at analysing different meanings of flexibility related to work: organisation of work, protection of workers, attitudes of political and social partners towards it. The analysis will be centred on some European countries and will have an historical perspective. It will try to deconstruct this wide and often vague notion, in order to discover its concrete meanings in legal and historical terms.
The debate at Community level is also full of insights: not only flexibility is the leading policy indication in most documents and acts of the institutions in the social field; it also seems to be at the core of macro economic policies which directly affect social policies and labour standards.
The historical analysis will serve the purpose to show whether globalisation has meant dis-embedding social rights from their cultural and local traditions and whether fundamental principles of a new kind are emerging at a supra-national level.
This seminar is a continuation of the autumn semester seminar in 1998
Visitors in this seminar will be, among others:
Prof. A. Supiot, The future of work. Discussion on a Report for the European Commission
Prof. M. Rodriguez-Pinero, Recent reforms in Spanish labour law: how to combine social protection with market efficiency
L. Gamet, A new flexibility in labour law? Recent reforms in France
The History of European Identity
Luisa Passerini and Bo Stråth
Seminar programme, Autumn term 1998/99
Tuesdays at 3 p.m., Sala Triaria
Participation assumes the reading of texts collected in a reader and distributed prior to the first session.
Denys Hay, Europe. The Emergence of an Idea. Edinburgh University Press 2nd ed., 1968, pp. xiii-xiv, 73-95.
Victoria A. Goddard, Joseph R. Llobera and Chris Shore, "Introduction: the Anthropology of Europe" in: ibid (eds), The Anthropology of Europe. Identity and Boundaries in Conflict. Berg, Oxford 1994 pp. 1-40.
Rosi Braidotti, "By Way of Nomadism", in Nomadic Subjects, Columbia University Press, New York 1994, pp. 1-39 and 245-57 (Notes pp. 281-5 and 303-4)
"Declaration on European Identity", in Bulletin EC, 12-1973, pp. 118-122
Jacques Derrida, The Other Heading: reflections on today's Europe, Indiana University Press, Bloomington Indiana 1992.
Hans Georg Gadamer, The Diversity of Europe: Inheritance and Future and other essays in Hans Georg Gadamer on Education, Poetry and History, State University of New York Press, Albany 1992.
René Girault, "Chronologie d'une conscience européenne au XX siècle", in Identité et conscience européennes, Hachette, Paris 1994, pp. 169-206.
from Walter Lipgens (ed), Documents on the History of European Integration, vol. I, de Gruyter, Berlin-New York, 1985: pp. 1-30, 37-54;
documents 8, 11, 18, 22 of Section I of Part I;
documents 95, 135, 148, 186, 199 of Part II.
From Peter M. R. Stirk (ed), European Unity in Context. The Interwar Period, Pinter, London 1989, writings by Stirk (pp. 1-22 and 125-148) and John Pinder (pp. 201-223)
William Coxe, Travels in Poland and Russia. Arno Press, New York 1970 Vol. I Book I pp. 101-121 and Vol. III Book V pp. 133-158
David Cannadine (ed.),Blood, Toil, Tears and Sweat. Winston Churchill's Famous Speeches. Cassel, London 1989, pp. 295-308 ("The Soviet Danger: The Iron Curtain" Fulton, Missouri 5 March, 1946) and pp. 309-314 ("European Unity: Something that Will Astonish You" Zürich 19 Sept., 1946)
Mikhail Gorbachev, Perestroika, New Thinking for Our Country and the World. Collins London 1987, pp. 190-209 ("Europe in Soviet Foreign Policy").