The Impact of EMU on Social Policies. Interdisciplinary Perspectives

Professor Sciarra and Prof Stråth

Wednesdays 11.00-13.00 Sala Triaria, villa Schifanoia


The seminar, centred on current debate on the impact of the single currency in several fields of social policies, is aimed at bringing together experts from various fields. Professors Sciarra and Stråth will provide the theoretical framework in introductory seminars and will attempt to highlight the historical background to the adoption of the single currency, as well as the legal innovations linked to it. Attention will be paid to the Employment Title in the Amsterdam Treaty and to the new proposals approved at the Lisbon Council in March 2000. The proposal to co-ordinate macroeconomic strategies with structural and employment policies, put forward as an innovation and a challenge, is now in the process of being implemented and will certainly prove to be an open field for experimentation.

One perspective to be investigated is that of collective bargaining and particularly of wage negotiation. The seminar will offer the opportunity to reflect upon both economic and industrial relations implications and to compare them with the indications given by the ECB.

Another way to examine the impact of the single currency is that of national reactions to what is feared to be a further weakening of social policies. Some Nordic countries, in particular Sweden and Finland, will be presented as examples of legal systems with strong traditions in the social field having inventive solutions to propose.

The political science approach will be emphasised in the seminar, revisiting multi-level policy-making theories and including monetary policies among the variables shaping current trends in social policies.

                Programme of guest lecturers
                11 October: Prof. Tito Boeri, Prof. Associato di Economia del lavoro, Bocconi, Milano: "Would You Like to Shrink the Welfare State? The Opinions of European Citizens" Tito Boeri, Axel Börsch-Supan, and Guido Tabellini, paper prepared for the Economic Policy Panel, October 2000.

18 October: Prof. Andrea Ichino, Prof. Di Economia all'Istituto Europeo di Firenze: "Are judges biased by labor market conditions? The selections of firing litigations for trial in an Italian firm" Andrea Ichino, Michele Polo and Enrico Rettore

8 November: Anna Ekstrom, Secretary of State, Ministry of Industry, Stockholm: "Employment on the EU Agenda: towards the Stockholm Summit"

15 November: Prof. Jaakko Kiander, Research Director Government Institute for Economic Research, Helsinki, Finland: "Social security, Payroll Tax adjustment and real exchange rate: the Finnish model"

22 November: Prof. Phillipe Pochet: Political Scientist, Free University of Brussels (ULB), Director of the "Observatoire social européen", Associate Scholar at the Institute For European Studies (Free University of Brussels) where he co-ordinates (with G. Goetschy) the Research Unit on Social Europe. - title forthcoming

Writing History, A Collaborative Venture

seminar Autumn/Spring 2000-2001
              Mondays 11.00-13.00 in Sala Triaria, Villa Schifanoia

This seminar is based upon the premise that contemporary research in history should not be perused in solitude. The development of problem formulation, source selection, analysis, methodological approach and argumentation is often far more productive as a collective enterprise. Group reflection is an efficient means of achieving a critical distance which is decidedly different from that arrived at in individual work or even the hierarchic dialogue of a supervisor-researcher context.

Recent developments in historiography have drawn increased attention to the value of joint enterprises in theoretical and methodological reflection. The many challenges to "conventional" historiography have been central to this development. Examples of such challenges appear in the formulation of macro stories, problems related to historical narration, the temporality and contextuality of any historical writing, the expanding role of philosophical and value-oriented issues in historiography and the growing awareness of the importance of argumentation.

We maintain that no history should be composed and published without an awareness of these challenges and a willingness to confront them. This is not to propose that they can or should be approached from any specific theoretical or methodological point of departure. On the contrary they should be problematised and reflected upon from plural points of view which make the author aware of the strengths and weaknesses inherent in each individual approach. One additional long-term goal is also to promote an awareness of philosophic historiography.

In many respects this seminar is a continuation of the seminar Rewriting History in the academic year 1999-2000. The form of publication of the papers on the web, one week prior to the session, and the opening of the session with discussants' criticism as well as their subsequent publication as a web debate will continue. It should be noted that active participation is open to all, this however, as the title implies, is connected not only with the presentation of a paper but also participation in the criticism of papers written by other seminar participants. The seminar is designed to offer researchers the opportunity to engage in a reflective process on how to rewrite history in their own work. This seminar will be augmented by an integrated workshop with the participation of external guests. We invite both participants in the seminar as well as all others to contribute to the web-debate in our on-line magazine Collaborative History.


                Winter Semester 2000
                16 October:
                Bo Stråth, Introduction

23-24 October
European States and Citizens: A Millennium of Debate (villa Schifanoia sala Europa)
                Conference organised by: Quentin Skinner and Bo Stråth

6 November:
                Hagen Schulz-Forberg, Locations of Liberty, London 1851-1939
                Discussants: Katiana Orluc and Sandra Maß

13 November:
                Sybille Mohrmann, Das Russenbild im Feuilleton der Berliner Tagespresse 1945-46 (The Image of Russians in the "Feuilleton" of Berlin's Daily Press 1945/46)
                Discussants: Renate Huber and Augusta Dimou

20 November:
                Katiana Orluc, Europe before Europe: The Transformation of European Consciousness after the First World War
                Discussants: Augusta Dimou and Carsten Humlebaek

27 November:
                Katerina Andersson, Parliamentary Reform and the Construction of a Union in Scandinavia in the 1860s
                Discussants: Thomas Cayet and Thomas Jørgensen

4 December:
                Morakot Jewachinda, The Significance of Architectural Heritage for the Construction of "The New Europe"
                Discussants: Thomas Fetzer, Eirinn Larsen

11 December:
                James Kaye, The Salzkammergut, A Landscape after Salt and Materialism in the Immaterial, Heimat in "Heimatgaue" (pdf)
                Discussants: Renate Huber and Megan Metters

14-16 December
Collective Identities and Multiple Modernities
                (Teatro, Badia Fiesolana)
                Workshop organised by Shmuel Eisenstadt, Alessandro Pizzorno, Bo Stråth and Peter Wagner

Spring Semester 2001
                5 March NB 9.00-11.00!
                Thomas Jørgensen, National Roads to Socialism, The Left and the Nation in Denmark and Sweden 1956-66

12 March
                Chahnaz Kherfi, Le parti des Liberaux constitutionnels dans l'Egypte de l'entre-deux guerre (1919-1936); le modele liberal europeen pour l'Egypte (The Egyptian Liberal Constitutional Party in the Inter-war Years (1919-1936); The European Liberal Model for Egypt)
                Discussants: Rouzbeh Parsi and Nihan Yelutas

19 March
                Nihan Yelutas, Otherness Doubled, Being Migrant and "Oriental" at the Same Time
                Discussant: Megan Metters

26 March NB. Rescheduled, the Seminar will take place on 27 April. See below!
                Thomas Fetzer, European Civil Society after World War II - A Survey
                Discussant: Thomas Jørgensen

2-3 April
Identity and Temporality Constructions of Continuity and Discontinuity
                Workshop organised by Peter Apor, Renate Huber, and Carsten Humlebaek

5-6 April
Utopian Images of Peace and War in Europe

9 April, NB. 9.30-13.00 in sala Triaria!
Images of Historical and Political Time
                Special seminar with Reinhart Koselleck and Kari Paalonen

27 April, NB. Friday in the Framework of the Junepaper Presentations, at 15.00!
                Eirinn Larsen, Chapter II: The Field of Business Education in the Past and Present (Project: Gender and Higher Education in France and Norway, The Importance of Gender in the "Feminisation" of Business Education in the 1970s and 1980s)
                Thomas Fetzer, European Civil Society after World War II - A Survey
                Discussant: Thomas Jørgensen

2 May, NB. 11.00-13.00, sala Europa! (Extraordinary Seminar within the framework of the research project The Modernity of Europe)
              Richard Kearney, Nations and Narratives: Pax Romana , Pax Americana

7 May
                Sabine Rutar, Cultural Practice in Trieste's Multinational Workers' Movement Prior to World War One

14 May
                Thomas Cayet, Etude d'un milieu d'organisateurs-rationalisateurs durant l'entre-deux-guerres. Apport d'une approche internationale (Study of a Milieu of Promoters of "Scientific Management" During the Inter-war Years, An International Approach)
Text French pdf
Abstract English pdf
                Discussants: Augusta Dimou and Megan Metters

15 May
War and Peace in a Cosmopolitan Perspective
                with Gopal Balakrishnan

24-25 May
Bringing the Social and the Political back in Again
                Revisiting Social History in the Light of the Recent Cultural Turn but Moving Towards a Processual Macro-history
                Workshop organised by Bo Stråth and Sid Tarrow

28 May, NB. 9.00-17.00 Sala Europa
Inter-Media and the Practice of History
                Workshop with Lars-Åke Engblom, Hans-Ulrich Jost, Giuseppe Lauricella and Hagen Schulz-Forberg

Rewriting History

seminar Autumn/Spring 1999-2000

Mondays 11.00-13.00 in Sala Triaria, Villa Schifanoia


                The goal of this seminar is to generate a critical discussion on the preconditions of history writing in light of what have been called postmodern challenges. These challenges are no longer novel. Concepts such as "reality", "objectivity", "truth" etc. have been problematsed and are today seen, to a large extent, as carriers of ideologies. The opinion that no reality exists beyond the limits set by language is well established. The role of professional historians as producers/constructors of history is at the heart of a widening discussion.

Beginning in the autumn and continuing through the spring of 2000 this general problem will be addressed in a series of seminars. Three special aspects of the general problem field will be confronted:

1. What does the increasing attention to cultural history mean for social history as a subdiscipline? In the contemporary climate of growing social marginalisation and exclusion, interest in social history appears to be on the decline. Does this indicate reduced interest in the situation of the poor and social injustices? Can such interests be imbedded in cultural history? Are they already? Is a merger between social and cultural history conceivable? Is history a social or a cultural science?

2. Under which conditions is the past translated to the present? What is the meaning of concepts like "construction" and "representation"? How is it possible to differentiate between "presentation" and "representation"?

3. What does the methodological approach called "new historicism" mean in terms of possibilities and risks? In what respect is new historicism different from the tried and tested version? Can new historicism be reconciled with a social dimension in history writing? (These issues will be confronted in the Spring semester.)

Above all this seminar is designed to offer researchers working with Bo Stråth the opportunity to participate actively in a reflective process on how to rewrite history in their own work. Following a series of introductory seminars researchers will present papers. At each occasion two colleagues will act as discussants. Texts will be distributed about one week prior to each session. The purpose of this active involvement of the researchers is to increase communication and to develop a historiographical tradition of collective teamwork. This seminar will be augmented by a series of integrated workshops many with the participation of external guests. We invite both participants in the seminar as well as all others to contribute to the web-debate. For further information see Conferences and Workshops.


                11 October:
                Bo Stråth, General Introduction

18 October:
                Bo Stråth, Can Social and Cultural History be Reconciled?

25 October:
                Bo Stråth, Rewriting History from a Historical Perspective

15 November:
                Almut Höfert, The European Invention of the Turk
                Discussants: Rolf-Hagen Schulz-Forberg and Agneta Edman and as a special guest Miroslav Hroch

17 November: N.B. Wednesday 11.00-13.00 in Triaria, Programme-Change due to injury!
                James Kaye, Comparison, A Contingent Juxtaposition of Austria and Sweden
                Discussants: Renate Huber and Erik Tängerstad
                Comments, criticism and response: Peter Apor

22 November:
                Thomas Hippler, Citizenship and Subjectivisation: Military Service in 19th Century France and Prussia
                N.B. Two additional texts are available from Sergio Amadei.
                Discussants: Brigitta Frello and Katiana Orluc

29 November:
                Erik Tängerstad, History and the Possibility of Representing the Past: A Reflection on the TV-Film Death in the Seine
                N.B. Secreening of "Death in the Seine" in Sala Triaria at 10.00!
                Discussant: James Kaye
                Comments, criticism and response: Thomas Hippler

6 December:
                F. R. Ankersmit, History as Construction and as Representation
                Prof. Ankersmit's text "Danto on Representation, Identity, and Indiscernibles" in History and Theory, Vol. 37 No. 4, December 1998 is available from Sergio Amadei.

13 December:
                Rolf-Hagen Schulz-Forberg, Agents of Authenticity, Travellers and Travel Writing and How to Find a Historiographic Approach
                Discussants: Thomas Hippler and Peter Apor

6 March: N.B. 9.00-11.00!
                Peter Apor, The Construction of History in Communist Hungary
                Discussant: Carsten Humlebaek and James Kaye
                Comments, criticism and response: James Kaye, Carsten Humlebaek

13 March: 11.00-13.00
                Renate Huber, Occupation and Identity Construction. Vorarlberg after World War II
                Discussants: Sandra Mass and Agneta Edman

20 March: N.B. Double Seminar in CONVENTO seminar room 1
                Carsten Humlebaek, The Construction of Continuity in Post-Franco Spain
                Discussants: Peter Apor and Pablo Járegui
                Comments, criticism and response: Pablo Járegui, Peter Apor

                Katarina Andersson, National Political Symbols in Sweden in the 1860s
                Discussants: Amaia Lamikiz and Rolf-Hagen Schulz-Forberg

27 March: Interviews, No Seminar

29 March:
                Workshop Beyond the Printed Word: New Media and the Practice of History

3 April: N.B. Double Seminar
                Augusta Dimou, Paths towards Modernity: Serbia, Bulgaria and Greece in Comparison
                For further information and reading please contact dimou@datacomm.iue.it
                Discussant: Sabine Rutar

                Sociability as a Historical Category, Two Case Studies
                Sabine Rutar, Internationalist Networking in a Multicultural Setting: Workers' Associations in Triest (1888 - 1927)
                Amaia Lamikiz, Associative Life and the Study of the So-called Society of Silence Under Francoism
                For further information and reading please contact lamikiz@datacomm.iue.it
                Discussant: Augusta Dimou

10 April:
              June Paper Presentation, No Seminar

14-15 April:
                Workshop Homeland

17 April: N.B. 9.00-13.00!
                Sid Tarrow, Dynamics of Contention

Professor Tarrow will present a forthcoming book he is collaborating upon with Doug McAdam and Charles Tilly. The volume, which shares the title of this seminar session, is an attempt at a provocative comparative and macrohistorical approach where comparisons are often diachronic, i.e. used as a means to discover analogies in the past. The role of social protest in modernisation processes is the focus. Three crucial questions will be addressed at the session:

1. What has happened to the social dimension after the "cultural turn"? How can it be returned to historiography?
                2. To what extent are macrohistorical "grand narrative" approaches still conceivable?
              3. What relevance do comparative methodological approaches have?

Hanspeter Kriesi and Thomas Welskopp will open the discussion.
                Please contact kaye@datacomm.iue.it for a copy of the manuscript.

8-9 May:
                Workshop Ideology and Historiography: The Making of Yugoslavian Identity in Serbian, Slovenian and Croatian Historiography

15 May: 11.00-13.00
                Reinhart Koselleck, Reconciliation of Social and Cultural History?

15-16 May:
                Workshop Pasts Proposed, Factual and Contra-factual History

A European Political Economy in Historical Light: From the Werner Plan to the EMU

Bo Stråth

Seminar/Workshop programme
  1 FEB (Tues) 11-13
  Bo Stråth
  Draft of Introduction
  15 FEB (Tues) 11-13
  Peter Burgess
The Concept of Money from the Werner Plan to the Delors Report
  29 FEB (Tues) 11-13
  Barbara MacLennan
EMU and the Finance of Social Investment
  14 MAR (Tues)9-11
  Sheila Dow, Stirling University
ECB Monetary Policy Banking and Unemployment
  14 MAR (Tues) 15-17
  Peter Baldwin, U.C.L.A
Contagion and the State in Europe 1830-1930
  21 MAR (Tues) 11-13
  Hubert Zimmermann, Ruhr-Universität Bochum
The fall of the House of Bretton Woods and the construction of a European Monetary order
  4 APR (Tues) 11-13
  Bruno Jobert, CNRS/CERAT Grenoble
Heavy Bargaining, Weak Public Debate: Some limits to the Europeanization of Policy Forums
  4 APR (Tues) 15-17
  David Purdy, University of Manchester
Work, Employment and Social Citizenship in Contemporary History
  11 APR (Tues) 11-13
  Ole Roste, The Norwegian School of Management
OCA costs and Scandinavian Labour Markets
  18 APR (Tues) 11-13
  Andrew Martin, Harvard University
EMU and the European Model of Society: somes issues, Hypotheses, and tentative conclusions
  2 MAY (Tues ) 11-13.00
  Salvatore Pitruzzello
Hysteretic Unemployment and Economic Policy The Neoliberal "Attack" against Democratic Politics in the New Europe
  2 MAY (Tues) 15-17
  Roger Hammersland
  17 MAY (Wed) 9-11
  Silvana Sciarra
Employment Policies in the era of EMU: a Legal Point of View
  17 MAY (Wed) 11-13
  Diamond Ashiagbor
EMU and the shift from a 'social policy' agenda to an 'employment policy' agenda in the European Union
  23 MAY (Tues)11-13
  David Purdy, University of Manchester
Political Economy in the Capitalist Democracies: Fron Keynesian Revolution to "Third Way"
  24 MAY (Wed)14-18 (dinner 20.00)
½ day Workshop
Exploration in Economic Sociology. Economics, Institutions and Culture
Tom Heller, Stanford Univ, Wilfried Spohn, Bo Stråth and Richard Swedberg, Stockholm School of Economics
                  26 MAY (Fri) 11-13
                Ulrike Liebert, Universität Bremen
The Monetary Union and the Widening Gap in the support of the EU
  31 MAY (Wed) 9-13 (Buffet 13.00)
½ day Workshop
Social Democracy and Economic Management: Can the primacy of the Political be regained?
  Jos de Beus, Amsterdam University and Ton Notermans (see programme Web)
                  5 JUN (Mon) 9-13 (Buffet 13.00)
½ day General Discussion plus presentation and discussion of two new books:
After Full Employment
Le Travail et La Nation
  22 JUN (Thurs) 9-13 (Buffet 13.00)
½ day Workshop
Labour Market Norms in transition. The Flexibility Rhetoric in Europe and the USA in Comparison:Social Learning or Social Unlearning?
  Fred Block, Karl Klare, Silvana Sciarra, Bo Stråth
  21 June 11-13
  Robert Salais, Filling the Gap between Macroeconomic Employment Policies and Locally-based Co-ordination: an Hidden Agenda for Europe?

              CONV.1 = Convento, via delle Fontanelle 19 -San Domenico di Fiesole

SEM. LA FONTE = Villa La Fonte via delle Fontanelle 20- San Domenico di Fiesole

Discussion Group: Europe and the Other and Europe as the Other The Research

Project The Cultural Construction of Community

Professor Bo Stråth


              The intensified discussion on European identity over the last 10-15 years is a debate about a heavily ideologically charged concept and as such very vague in its content. Often a European identity is seen in some kind of relationship to national identity, either oppositional and tense, or overlapping and supplementing. The structure of national identities are "projected" upon European identity and this "projection" is ideologically founded.

The aim of this discussion group is to examine Europe and the question of a European identity by focusing on the limits and demarcations of Europe. The image of a European identity necessarily contains a demarcation to the non-European. Europe is seen in the mirror of the Other. Often something outside Europe is seen. This is Europe and the Other, a projection which might say more about Europe than about the Other. Nevertheless the Other incorporates much of what has been xenostereotyped in its own self-identification.

Europe can also emerge as the Other from within Europe. This is the case when Europe is referred to as "the Continent" (i.e. in Britain and Scandinavia). It is in this particular internal demarcation that we refer to "Europe as the Other".

The point of departure for the discussions will be chapters of a book in the final editorial stages. The various chapters problematise divergent demarcations between Europe and the Other. They demonstrate how historically contested, complex and contradictory their construction has been, from the self-image in Asian and American mirrors, to the question of where the eastern border of Europe lies (i.e. "is Eastern Europe really Us?").

As Professor Stråth's regular spring seminar 1999 is a joint seminar with Professor Sciarra at the Law Department meeting from January to early March, when most history researchers are on archives mission, this discussion group offers an alternative for the history researchers. Of course, researchers from the other disciplines are most welcome as well.

If you are interested in participating please contact Michael Miller miller@datacomm.iue.it He will distribute the chapters for discussion. Reading of the texts and an active participation in the discussions is expected. The meetings are scheduled as follows:

                The discussion group will meet in Triaria with the exception of Gerold Gerber's presentation which will be held in sala Europa. Please take note of the time, it varies!

29 March 15-17
                Bo Stråth: Europe and the Other and Europe as the Other

21 April 11-13
                Lutz Niethammer: A European Identity?

26 April 15-17
                Katiana Orluc: Ideas of European Identity in the Interwar Years

5 May, 10-12 (NB.: Sala Europa)
                Gerold Gerber: Doing Christianity and Europe: an inquiry into memory, boundary and truth practices

10 May 15-17
                Patrizia Nanz: What it Means to be a European: processes of identity formation in a transnational public sphere

17 May 15-17
                Peter Burgess: Renegotiating Legitimacy between Europe and the Nation State

26 May 11-13
                Martin Marcussen: Constructing Europe? The Building of French, British and German Nation State Identities

7 June 15-19 (NB: Double Session)
                Eric Tängerstad: The Third World as an Element in the Construction of a European Identity (15.00 to 17.00)
                Silvia Sebastiani: Race as Construction of the Other: Americans and Africans in the Eighteenth Century Edition of the Encyclopaedia Britannica (17.00 to 19.00)